MIT is collaborating with U.S. Department of Transportation Volpe Center to investigate human factors issues with advanced instrument procedures. Wittman, M.D. Updated yearly since 2008, MIT's Airline Data Project (ADP) remains the most comprehensive free source of data and analysis regarding the U.S. airline industry. Strategic behavior by each airline is modeled using an integer programming (IP) formulation which explicitly accounts for the tie-breaking rules.       Parker D. Vascik and R. John Hansman, Systems Analysis of Community Noise Impacts of Advanced Flight Procedures for Conventional and Hybrid Electric Aircraft Beginning in 2009, ICAT worked with the FAA and EPA to develop certification metrics, assess aircraft design response and system performance in the presence of a regulation, and evaluate the costs and benefits of varying regulation levels. lae-info@mit.edu. We use Flight Data Recorder information from an operational fleet, to model the fuel burn of aircraft on the surface. The decision support tool is able to provide an optimized flight plan, as well as capabilities for rapidly assessing the impact of various flight plan options on fuel, time, and expected ride quality across the length of the flight. Sponsor: This research project is sponsored by MIT Lincoln Laboratories and the US Air Force. The ADP presents the most important airline industry data in one location in an easy-to-understand, user-friendly format. Known as Aviation Risk Identification and Assessment, or ARIA, the prototype is a computer system that automatically analyzes radar and other surveillance data about flights in U.S. airspace in near-real time. However, a gap exists in the size and capability of these aircraft: most micro-UAVs are limited to low-speed flight. MIT is evaluating the depiction of RNAV and RNP procedures for chart elements contributing to high levels of visual clutter and analyzing potential chart de-cluttering techniques. The aim of this project is to understand and evaluate how policies and trends in the airline industry impact passenger delays in the US National Aviation System. This research project is sponsored by the FAA. Unlike traditional types of instrument procedures such as ILS, RNP approaches can be flown without the aid of ground beacons such as VOR stations. Freely browse and use OCW materials at your own pace. This notionally translates into ground rolls of 100ft or less for a GA-size aircraft. The development work involves the design and evaluation of a new conflict alerting algorithm, display design evaluation, human factors testing, flight testing as well as the development of the international standards governing the design of future ADS-B based traffic alerting systems by industry. The results of this project support NASA and FAA decision makers and may inform requirement definition for UAM aircraft and networks. PODS simulates the decisions of individual business and leisure passengers in terms of their choice of airline flight and fare options, given two or more competitors offering different route networks, aircraft capacities, departure schedules, and multiple fare levels (each with associated restrictions) in hypothetical network environments. We investigate slack allocation approaches for robust airline schedule planning. These include valuation theory, for quantifying a stakeholder’s relative preference amongst a set of tradeoffs, and hyperspace visualization, for identifying the most dominant tradeoffs. This short field performance is achieved using blown lift, which is a high lift system where the wake from propellers lining the leading edge of the wing is deflected by trailing edge flaps, increasing the lifting capability of the wing. Commercial air service helps link airports of all sizes with the global air transportation network. Researcher: Clement Li. Design: Opus. Two main components of PBN framework are Area Navigation (RNAV) and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) procedures. PI: R. John Hansman Space based ADS-B and increased surveillance can allow for changes in the current operational procedures, allowing for increased flexibility and predictability. Our community includes a former space shuttle astronaut, secretary of the Air Force, NASA deputy administrator, Air Force chief scientist, and NASA chief technologist, and numerous National Academy of Engineering members and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautic fellows. Freely browse and use OCW materials at your own pace. However, MIT has also developed the Airport Network Delays (AND) model which is a stochastic and dynamic queuing model that computes flight delays at individual airports in a network, and captures the propagation of flight delays through this network. Accessibility MIT Directory. A team of engineers has built and tested a radically new kind of airplane wing, assembled from hundreds of tiny identical pieces. This project addresses the need for more agile micro-UAVs. 2015. "The world of cybersecurity is changing," says Frank Buck, who led the research. For more than 80 years, MIT’s Wright Brothers Wind Tunnel has been a powerful testing tool for aviation and space flight innovation, advancing research for industry leaders as well as MIT. Various strategies are being pursued to reduce fuel burn and mitigate the environmental impacts from aviation. Recent research themes have included: The Super-STOL project examines the application of distributed electric propulsion technology to fixed wing aircraft with the goal of enabling short field performance that it is competitive with vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) concepts in terms of the required ground infrastructure. This work enabled the Air Force to move forward with live flight testing. In another project, we investigated ground-based sense and avoid systems for integrating UAS into the NAS. However, for new advanced approach and departure procedures, aerodynamic noise reduction may contribute strongly to environmental benefits. How Air Transport Connects the World - A New Metric of Air Connectivity and Its Evolution between 1990 and 2012. Separation standards between aircraft are investigated to identify potential runway capacity benefits of wake vortex mitigation processes and procedures. The time required to travel over each link is random, and follows a set of stochastic processes. NextGen will open America's skies to continued growth and … The Federal Aviation Administration is pursuing a stronger and more resilient cybersecurity approach for its mission-critical infrastructures. Swelbar. RNAV approach procedures with Required Navigation Performance (RNP) have been a recent focus of NextGen efforts to modernize navigation in the NAS. MIT has developed the capability to estimate passenger delays in the NAS given historical flight delay data using the MIT passenger delay model. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. Contact Info. Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Project Icarus. We evaluate the impacts of the resulting schedules on various performance metrics, including passenger delays and delay propagation. However, current aircraft crews, working with flight plans and weather information that may be several hours old, have limited information to support replanning a flight en route when those situations are encountered. Among them, operational changes have limited overall mitigation potential, but can also be implemented in much shorter timeframes with existing aircraft types. Scratch is a free programming language and online community where you can create your own interactive stories, games, and animations. There are over 500 commercial service airports in the United States, and a majority of these airports serve fewer than 100,000 passengers per year. Exploratory case studies in Los Angeles, Boston, and Dallas identified a set seven UAM operational constraints. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. Allroggen, F., M.D. November 21, 2018. Non-CO2 effects of aviation on climate.      Christopher B. Courtin and R. John Hansman, Assessing Multi-rotor UAV Controllability in Low Altitude Fine-Scale Wind Fields Hunsaker developed a fascination with the aeronautical literature in MIT's library and became an aviation enthusiast. The results of MIT ICAT studies on small community air service have been featured in major media outlets and cited multiple times by the Government Accountability Office and the U.S. Congress. Flight delays continue to be a concern within the US National Aviation System despite slowed growth over the past few years due to the economic downturn. As of now, we have obtained passenger delay results for several days in 2007 assuming hypothetical scenarios where the tarmac delays rule existed for those days. Continued efforts are therefore investigating approaches to mitigate the impacts of these three constraints, particularity through a new concept of operations for low altitude air traffic control. Undergraduate students will demonstrate proficiency through aviation accident case presentations, quizzes, homework assignments, and hands-on projects. Ultimately, finding this equitable balance and, therein implementing Pareto operational strategies, depends on cost and financial information for both commercial airlines and commercial space companies. 1. Trends and Market Forces Shaping Small Community Air Service in the United States. MIT has a keen interest in and strong credentials in airline industry research and education. This project will use state-of-the-art models and observations to quantify the climatic effect of aviation non-CO2 emissions from current and future generation aircraft.      Christopher B. Courtin, R. John Hansman, Mark Drela, Data-Driven Predictive Analytics of Runway Occupancy Time for Improved Capacity at Airports ", On March 20, 2020, Matt Vernacchia defended his doctoral thesis, titled “Development of low-thrust solid rocket motors for small, fast aircraft propulsion.”, On November 12, 2019, Parker Vascik defended his doctoral thesis, titled “Systems Analysis of Urban Air Mobility Operational Scaling.”, On September 18, 2019, Christopher Bryce Courtin defended his master’s thesis, titled “An Assessment of Electric STOL Aircraft.”, Operational Design Domain (ODD) Framework for Driver-Automation Systems The first case analyzes environmental-performance tradeoffs for aircraft cruise operations. PI: R. John Hansman For the purposes of Part 1 of the application, MIT considers any student who does not hold United States citizenship or permanent residency to be an international applicant,regardless of where they live or attend school.⁠01We recognize that this designation may not correspond to the lived experience of many applicants (including undocumented students) who have spent significant time in the United States, or those who have a liminal status as asylees, refugees, or stateless persons. Under a contract from the FAA, TSAA is being developed at MIT. Researcher: John L. Deaton, 2d Lt, USAF. No enrollment or registration. Projects Students will participate in an integrative team project developed with The Boeing Company concerning the aerodynamic analysis and design of a Blended-Wing Body (BWB) aircraft. Design: Opus. Aviation is responsible for approximately 2% of anthropogenic global greenhouse gas emissions. During the first two months of the semester, students will complete assignments to learn the basic skills necessary to analyze the BWB aircraft. Her story and video were featured on the MIT homepage Spotlight! ICAT-2013-02. Use OCW to guide your own life-long learning, or to teach others. Knowledge is your reward. On April 3, 2020, Jacqueline Thomas defend her doctoral thesis, titled "Systems Analysis of Community Noise Impacts of Advanced Flight Procedures for Conventional and Hybrid Electric Aircraft. Contact Info. Changing weather, turbulence encountered en route, and air traffic constraints, among other factors, can result in airliners flying at suboptimal altitudes, creating significant fuel burn inefficiencies. The wing can change shape to control the plane’s flight, and could provide a significant boost in aircraft production, flight, and maintenance efficiency, the researchers say. Delta Air Lines Traffic, Capacity and Revenue by Operating Region : Delta Air Lines Aircraft Operating Statistics Actual : Delta Air Lines Aircraft Operating Statistics Block Hour In the labor negotiations during its restructuring and thereafter, the airline industry focused significant attention on total compensation - the total cost to an airline for salary and wages, pension, benefits, payroll taxes and other items affected by terms included in a collective bargaining agreement. MIT engineers have built and flown the first-ever plane with no moving parts. Use OCW to guide your own life-long learning, or to teach others. As part of NextGen, ADS-B will become the primary surveillance source in the National Airspace System. After launch, Firefly performs a joint mission with the fighter during several minutes of autonomous, transonic flight. Fall 2009 – Spring 2010 Course 16.82 / 16.821 / 16.885 – Professor John Hansman For many small communities, these local airports provide vital connections to social and economic opportunities throughout the country and around the globe. It was found that the fuel consumption could vary by a substantial amount, based on the velocity profile of the aircraft on the surface. This effect is not captured using current noise-power-distance (NPD) noise calculation tools now in common use throughout the aerospace industry. The top three prioritized constraints concern aircraft noise, takeoff and landing area availability, and air traffic control scalability. Airline Revenue Management Research – PODS Consortium, Evaluating the Applicability of the ACAS-X Airborne Collision Avoidance System for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS), MIT International Center for Air Transportation, Operations Management and Network Considerations, Exploration of the potential for dynamic and/or customized availability and fare quotes under the New Distribution Capability (NDC) industry standard, Forecasting and optimization in a class-free RM environment and its competitive impacts, Estimation of passenger willingness-to-pay based on booking data, Optimization models that incorporate ancillary revenues into airline RM systems, Joint pricing and optimization of bundled flight and ancillary services through Dynamic Offer Generation (DOG). Annual HSL MIT Independent Activities Period activities include ski safety research, and an introductory course on Boeing 767 systems and automation. There's no signup, and no start or end dates. Recent News Check out MIT Industrial Liasion Program's Faculty Feature on Professor Hansman here!. However, analysis of operational data suggests many flights decelerate earlier than this ideal approach speed profile suggests. And the second case analyzes the tradeoffs associated with using Required Area Navigation and Performance (RNAV/RNP) for approach procedures.       Jacqueline Thomas, Motor case configuration options for Firefly-class rocket propelled UAVs These systems considerations are especially important in the tightly integrated, densely packed configuration of a micro-UAV. Delayed Deceleration Approaches occur when airspeed is maintained above the initial flaps speed for as long as possible during approach. Graduate students will complete all the undergraduate assignments; however, they are expected to complete a research-oriented project with a final written report and an oral presentation. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics 77 Massachusetts Avenue :: 33-207 Cambridge MA 02139 USA +1-617-253-3291. Annick came to MIT to start her graduate studies in 2019 and since has been involved in the FAA community noise project and the FAA environmental impact on runway sizing project. The PODS Consortium at MIT is funded by 14 industry members that in 2020 include Air Canada, Alaska, Amadeus, ATPCO, Boeing, Delta, Etihad, IAG, LATAM, Lufthansa Group, PROS, Qatar, Sabre and United. The MIT Black History Project began in 1995 with the goal of documenting the role of Black life at MIT since the Institute’s founding in 1861. PI: R. John Hansman In particular, we are investigating the three-hour tarmac delay rule, which came into effect in April 2010, as an effort to curb lengthy delays during the taxi-out and taxi-in phases. A MITRE-developed prototype is revolutionizing the way the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) identifies and examines aviation safety events. In the analyses corresponding to these two cases, several important aspects of analyzing competing tradeoffs are considered. There's no signup, and no start or end dates. Wittman, M.D and W.S. Through the empirical results, we examine how an airline's characteristics can affect the strategy for robust scheduling. The results provide new perspectives on how recent airline industry trends have affected airports large and small, as well as the economic benefits these airports provide to the residents, businesses, and communities they serve. It emphasizes the application of economic models of demand, pricing, costs, and supply to airline markets and networks, and it examines industry practice and emerging methods for fleet planning, route network design, scheduling, pricing and revenue management. The corresponding objective of this project is to develop a cost model that will quantify commercial space costs, specifically, the cost of commercial launch vehicles, their payloads, their operations, and their reentry and recovery operations. Sponsor: This research project is sponsored by the FAA. Accessibility . Sponsor:  This research project is sponsored by FAA, through the PARTNER Center of Excellence. FAA is transitioning to performance based navigation (PBN) airspace as part of NextGen. For example, in a delayed deceleration approach (DDA), deployment of landing gear and high-lift devices can be delayed until later stages in an approach, reducing aerodynamic noise. Knowledge is your reward. All Projects — MIT Media Lab Search MIT AeroAstro is a vibrant community of uniquely talented and passionate faculty, students, researchers, administrators, staff, and alumni. The missions of many aerospace systems are fundamentally centered on gathering, processing, and transmitting information. Sponsor: This research project is sponsored by NASA. Many applications require higher flight speeds: joint missions with manned aircraft, reconnaissance in hostile air space, or serving as a target or decoy. Professors, students, and researchers come to MIT from all corners of the globe to explore their passion for air and space travel and to advance the technologies and vehicles that make such travel possible. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics 77 Massachusetts Avenue :: 33-207 Cambridge MA 02139 USA +1-617-253-3291. The impact of these changes have not, however, been quantified and are not currently well understood. With the recent implementation of public RNAV RNP procedures at major airports in the United States, real tracking data can now be obtained for flights that make use of these approaches. Report No. MIT engineers fly first-ever plane with no moving parts. Sponsor: This project is sponsored by Aurora Flight Sciences: A Boeing Company. This project investigates potential operational constraints that could arise during the implementation, operation, or scale-up of a UAM system. Wittman, M.D. These characteristics make rapidly-evolving “Big Data” techniques particularly attractive to handle and convert the system raw data into useful information for system improvement. NextGen will open America's skies to continued growth and … We have 31 aviation PhD Projects, Programs & Scholarships. We solve for a Nash equilibrium outcome using best response heuristics. These constraints directly aligned with previous literature from helicopter passenger networks and indicate new electric aircraft, automation, and telecommunications technologies may not directly address the significant operation constraints of UAM networks. MIT engineers fly first-ever plane with no moving parts. Due to high nuisance alarm rates, current traffic alerting systems have limited usability in the airport environment where a majority of mid-air collisions occur. To Improve the safety, efficiency, capacity and environmental performance of domestic and international air transportation and its infrastructure. Researchers: Chris Courtin, Trevor Long. To study this, we are testing a range of assumptions on cancellation decisions by airlines, and passenger re-booking times, and utilizing the Passenger Delay Calculator, also developed at MIT. New LAE study quantifies air quality and climate impacts of aviation. A key limitation for airport capacity improvements is wake turbulence in the terminal area. Implementation of RNAV and RNP procedures has raised many human factors issues, as the new procedures are more complex than conventional instrument procedures. Commercial space launches in the U.S. are expected to more than double in the coming decade, requiring the FAA to make an increasing number of decisions each year on how to best share the NAS between air traffic and commercial space operators. The Global Airline Industry Program represents a large-scale effort that provides the means for MIT and the academic community to make a "great leap forward" in studying the airline industry and in educating its future leaders. Current areas of ongoing research are studying the conceptual benefits of the SSTOL vehicles, wind tunnel testing of various blown wing designs, and flight testing of a 13 ft span vehicle. Currently, CAASD works closely with the FAA to develop NextGen—the next-generation air transportation system. This page lists OCW courses from just one of over 30 MIT departments. Older generations of jet engines produced significantly more noise than current-generation products. Urban air mobility (UAM) refers to a set of proposed operations and technologies that aim to provide on-demand air transportation services within a metropolitan area. Examples of recent and current PODS research projects and Master’s thesis topics include: PI: Peter Belobaba There's no signup, and no start or end dates. In addition, the model estimates the cost of launch delays to commercial launch vehicle providers. In the Aviation IDEA Lab, we created a realistic environment for evaluating the profiles and determining potential constraints. HDR's aviation design experts deploy a custom approach to each project, drawing on top tier technical expertise and multidisciplinary teams that can handle a full range of airport needs, from airfield pavement to terminal layout. As an example, current research efforts include the characterization of NAS-wide network delay propagation dynamics at the strategic level and the characterization of air traffic flows in the transition/terminal airspace at the tactical level using data mining algorithms. Researcher: Greg O’Neill. November 21, 2018. Consequently, selecting the “best” or “optimal” design and operation of a system has become more challenging due to the need to resolve multiple, competing environmental-performance tradeoffs. There's no signup, and no start or end dates. Instead of propellers or turbines, the light aircraft is powered by “ionic wind". MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. Freely browse and use OCW materials at your own pace. Currently, CAASD works closely with the FAA to develop NextGen—the next-generation air transportation system. Wittman, and R. Malina. We develop key technologies for small, fast aircraft capable of sustained transonic flight: We integrate these technologies in a demonstration vehicle. The MIT Media Lab is an interdisciplinary research lab that encourages the unconventional mixing and matching of seemingly disparate research areas. MITRE research outlined the path forward. PI: R. John Hansman Our objective is to define a control strategy for this network, with the objective of minimizing aircraft surface fuel burn and emissions, as well as reducing takeoff delays. The ADP collects and processes U.S. Department of Transportation Form 41 data to provide a 20-year history of key operating metrics such as cost per available seat mile (CASM), passenger yield, load factors, and airline profitability.      David Ennen, Florian Allroggen and Robert Malina, A Geometric Approach Towards Airspace Assessment for Emerging Operations ICAT’s persistent contributions to the international standard setting process helped lead to the February 2016 signing of the world’s first international commercial aircraft fuel efficiency standard in Montréal, Canada. Mission with the aeronautical literature in MIT 's library and became an aviation enthusiast when airspeed is maintained above initial!, been quantified and are not currently well understood Connects the world and avoid systems for UAS... Turbulence in the terminal area provide timely alerts to the flight crew in order to increase traffic. 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