georgia_parker99. A peatland is an area with a naturally accumulated peat layer at the surface (with or without surface vegetation). Peat consists of organic matter, mineral matter and water. Partially decayed plant matter found in bogs and burned for fuel in Ireland. Learn more. Peat: The Most Efficient Carbon Sink In The World. With the increasing weight of additional deposits and water, the lower deposits are compressed and carbonized. Peat. Peat bogs may be from 5 to 30 feet (1.5 to 9 meters) deep. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants. Importance of each type. peat definition: 1. a dark brown substance like soil that was formed by plants dying and becoming buried. This includes bog plants such as mosses, shrubs and sedges. Peat, or turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation.Peat forms in wetland bogs, moors, mires, and swamps.. It is…. 2: partially carbonized vegetable tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants (such as mosses of the genus Sphagnum) World Geography Chapter 10 … Coal reserves are six times greater than oil and petroleum reserves. Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. The Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the Bog of Allen in Ireland are two large peat bogs. Cold, dry wind from the north found on the mediterranean coast of France. Peat forms when plant material, usually in marshy areas, is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions. Peat is usually cut by hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry. Peat is the accumulation of organic material (e.g., plants or mosses) that has been formed on the spot and has not been transported after its formation. Where the water level is stable near the surface (just ... Chapter 9 and 10 World Geography 35 Terms. Scientists believe that the peat in these peatlands has been forming for 360 million years. Contains carbon, volatile matter, moisture and ash Mostly used for power generation and metallurgy. Geography What is peat? peat. Formation. Most of the peat bogs that exist today formed since the retreat of the glaciers after the last ice age around 12,000 years ago. Peatland ecosystems are the most efficient carbon sinks in the world, which means the area stores carbon and carbon-containing substances for long periods of time. Found in sedimentary strata . Peatlands and their surrounding plant life work to trap the CO2 released by the decomposing peat. a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel. Peat is made up of primarily wetland vegetation. Carbon content in different types of coal. Mistral. Coal – Formation of Coal – Types of Coal – Peat, Lignite, Bituminous Coal & Anthracite Coal. Coal Also called black gold. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%. Peat definition is - turf. peak in Geography topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English peak peak 1 / piːk / W3 noun [ countable ] 1 time [ usually singular ] BEST the time when something or someone is best, greatest, highest, most successful etc at something’s peak The British … And swamps oil and petroleum reserves is usually cut by hand in blocks, which are spread! 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