The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. [citation needed], In 1974, the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) was created to give government wide-ranging powers to investigate corruption. [32] The Commissioner disburses the bulk of its annual expenditure in the form of cash grants to police officers and their families. Prior to 1995, the British Army had operated the border patrol. [9], During World War II, the Kempeitai recruited former Chinese and Indian officers in the Japanese military police unit from 1942 to 1945. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, ten-month campaign of insurrection, bombing and murder, Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), allegations of misconduct during the 2019 protests, Historic police station buildings in Hong Kong, "Chapter 4 Changes to the Policing Model and the Return of Hong Kong to China 1994–1999", "4) Changes to the Policing Model and the Return of Hong Kong to China 1994–1999", "Hong Kong Police Force awards ten-year biometrics contract", "Police fired at least 3 teargas canisters", "Police fire tear gas and baton charge thousands of Occupy Central protesters", "Hong Kong police fight with protesters amid rising tensions", "Hong Kong Protesters Clash With Police Inside Shopping Mall", "police failed to display ID numbers, as security chief says uniform has 'no room, "Trio launch court action against Hong Kong police over failure to display identification numbers during anti-government protests", https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/voa-news-china/hong-kong-police-arrest-4-alleged-national-security-breach-under, https://www.news.gov.hk/eng/2020/07/20200703/20200703_140841_083.html, "Hong Kong: People invited to snitch on their neighbours", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Hong_Kong_Police&oldid=988369219, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from June 2011, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from June 2011, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing expert attention from November 2019, Miscellaneous articles needing expert attention, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2012, Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from July 2012, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kam C. Wong, Policing in Hong Kong (Ashgate, 2012), Kam C. Wong. The independence of Hong Kong's judiciary is seen as crucial to its role as an international financial hub and an interface between mainland China's closed capital system and … The independence of Hong Kong's judiciary is seen as crucial to its role as an international financial hub and an interface between mainland China's closed capital system and … Hong Kong Police Force uniform currently comprises: Uniform Branch: Dark navy blue jacket with the words 'Police', in English and Chinese, in reflective white tape, on the front left breast and back. [29] In addition, all officers enjoy extensive housing benefits, free medical and dental benefits (including coverage of family members), with substantial vacation, sick and maternity leave allowances exceeding statutory minimums. [18][19], More recently, the Hong Kong Police Force has faced extensive allegations of misconduct during the 2019 protests including excessive force,[20][21] brutality,[22] torture,[23] and falsified evidence. The force was granted the use of the title ‘royal’ in 1969 for its handling of the Hong Kong 1967 riots—renaming it the Royal Hong Kong Police Force (Traditional Chinese: 皇家香港警務處). The Green uniform can be seen in some of the older Hong Kong and Hollywood movies. Nearly a hundred Hong Kong police officers, two of them British, have been honoured for their service to the territory during last year’s pro-democracy protests, despite claims of brutality against Motives and opportunities for corruption were many and varied, but mainly included poor pay and worries about China invading and abolishing pensions, while opportunities resulted from the vibrant growth in economic progress and its industrious, self-starting people were forming thousands of small street-level businesses all ripe for "protection.". On 30 April 1841, 12 weeks after the British landed in Hong Kong, Captain Charles Elliot established a policing authority in the new colony, empowering Captain William Caine to enforce Qing law in respect of local inhabitants and "British Police Law" for "non-natives". Hong Kong police officers were substantiated over the past year, after many complaints were withdrawn, resolved informally or could not be pursued, according to the force’s watchdog. "E" was later assigned to White Russians who arrived from Siberia after the Russian Civil War. He generally acts as second in command in a head quarter. Dark blue cargo trousers and black caps are worn by all officers. [3] The crest was also changed, replacing the royal crown with a bauhinia emblem. All police vehicles are government property and so bear licence plates starting with "AM". As Hong Kong began to flourish and make its place in the world, Britain began to take a dim view of the government's lack of grip in both public and private sectors, and officials with strong values and Victorian concepts of management and discipline were sent to raise standards. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 06:00. Numerous associations of serving and retired police officers have been formed over the years. Carroll, John Mark. Hong Kong Bank Scam and Internet Investigation Unit. Part Two tracks the history of the HKP's formation in the 1840s and examines how colonial policing in Hong Kong has changed over time. The HKPF is divided into five primary departments: Operations and Support, Crime and Security, Personnel and Training, Management Services, and Finance, Administration & Planning. [17], During the 1940s, the HKPF faced a number of corruption scandals involving officers. White tunics were worn by police bandsmen and senior officers for ceremonial occasions. The Hong Kong Police lost ten men during the turmoil which saw a ten-month campaign of insurrection, bombing and murder. [40], The HKPF continues to use similar ranks and insignia to those used in British police forces. The officers joined the police force while Hong Kong was still under British rule, in the 1990s, and now occupy senior roles. [1] Policemen from different ethnic groups were assigned a different alphabetical letter before their batch numbers: "A" for Europeans, "B" for Indians, "C" for local Chinese who spoke Cantonese, and "D" for Chinese recruited from Shandong Province. In addition, these new vehicles show the Force crest on the front part of the vehicle, which the Force has not used in the design of new vehicles for the last two decades. During the 1950s and 1960s, the force struggled with corruption issues relating to bribes from syndicated drugs and illegal gambling operations. [citation needed] With the handover of sovereignty, the police force dropped the prefix "Royal" from its name. In the 1970s and 1980s, large numbers of Vietnamese people arrived in Hong Kong, putting considerable strain on police resources – first for the marine police who intercepted them, then for the officers who processed them and manned the dozens of camps in the territory, and lastly for those who had to repatriate unsuccessful asylum applicants up until 1997. [24] In particular, the police were criticized for their failure to respond during the mob attack at the Yuen Long MTR station in July 2019. Princess Alexandra was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II to become the Commandant General of the Royal Hong Kong Police.[when?]. Traffic branch: Reflective yellow jacket and navy blue riding trousers. From the return of HKPF, all patrol officers and inspectors had their whistle taken off. Currently, they include the: The four serving officers' associations wield significant power, controlling half of the voting rights on the Police Force Council. Emergency Unit, Police Tactical Unit, and Traffic Police have identification markings on the back of the car (no motorcycles of Traffic Police), for example, PTUD 1/3. This article was originally published by Radio Free Asia and is reprinted with permission. a modern policing system It was formed on 1 May 1844 by the British Hong Kong government with a strength of 32 officers. Everything, except for the shorts, was used until 2004 (left), Hong Kong Police Pipe Band performance in Government House (right). The Hong Kong Police Force has ordered 10 new electric scooters for their officers to help reduce pollution in central Hong Kong. Senior Constable, Sergeant and Station Sergeant ranks had their ranks moved to their shoulder slides. The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. 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